This unit is a historical investigation from Paper 2, Section A and it covers the causes, course and impact of the Russian Revolution of 1917. It begins by examining the failed 1905 Revolution in Russia before analysing the impact of the First World War on Russian society and its role in triggering the February Revolution. It continues by evaluating the reasons for the downfall of the Provisional Government and examines the key events in the Bolshevik takeover. The attempts by the Bolsheviks to consolidate their power and survive against all odds in the Civil War is analysed next. The unit finishes by examining the economic, political and social impacts of War Communism and the New Economic Policy, culminating in the death of Lenin.